The effectiveness of physical training for coronary heart disease
The prevalence of low physical activity (NFA). NFA is one of the most frequently occurring modifiable RFs. National Health Interview Survey data showed that 70% of American adults do not follow current guidelines for 30-minute mild or moderate physical activity (FA) for at least 5 days a week or intense physical activity (FA) for at least 20 minutes 5 days a week.
About 25% do not engage in any physical activity (FA) in their free time, while women lead a more sedentary lifestyle compared to men. The lack of sufficient FA is also common in children. Only a small number of schoolchildren have daily physical education classes, and children have had less time spent walking and cycling. On the contrary, the time spent on such sedentary activities, such as watching TV, computer games, has increased dramatically. It is unlikely that older people, most of whom are at risk for CVD, will be more physically active than the young.
All of these demographic changes have led to an increase in the incidence of diabetes among children, so diabetes mellitus-2 is no longer considered an adult disease.
Associated with low physical activity (NPA) risk. Results> 40 observational studies revealed a clear inverse linear dose-dependent relationship between FA and OS of men and women of younger and older. The results obtained in the mid-1950s showed that the frequency of KBS was lower for bus and postman conductors compared with slow-moving bus drivers and postal managers. Having included the evaluation of FA in their free time from work, the researchers found that employees who were engaged in intensive sports had MI 2 times less often than employees who were not involved in these activities. Later, in a number of observational studies, the same inverse relationship was found between the degree of FA at work or sports and KBS.
Minimal adherence to modern recommendations on physical activity (FA), which is accompanied by costs of 1000 kcal / week, is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of OS by 20-30%. A 1990 meta-analysis of 27 observational cohort studies revealed that the risk of KBS among people with a sedentary lifestyle after control of other RFs is almost 2 times higher than that of physically active people. Long-term, prospective studies of men and women have shown that FA protects against legal outcome in CHD.
For this, a simple fast walk is sufficient, which, as has been shown, reduces the risk of CHD in women and men, as well as the risk of diabetes mellitus 2. Even in a later period of life, the transition from a sedentary lifestyle to a more active one leads to a decrease in mortality from KBS. FA is also associated with a reduced risk of MI in men and women, primarily due to its beneficial effect on serum MT, BP, serum glucose tolerance and glucose tolerance.
Although there are no large-scale randomized studies of physical activity (FA), a number of studies have been conducted of moderate size and duration among healthy individuals and CVD patients. Despite differences in design, these studies have generally demonstrated the benefit of FA. However, the FA of ideal intensity, frequency, and duration has not yet been determined.